Roses 

Our approach to rose selection is to only use roses that would have been growing in New Zealand before 1900. However, we also made it a priority to plant the roses saved from early settler gardens in Glenside, even if these roses date after 1900.

We selected heritage roses that are written about positively by New Zealand rose experts for their beauty and their resilience against disease, insects and wind.

The most vigorous climbing roses are planted along the poplar tree row. One day the poplars may be felled at hedge height, however by then the roses will have billowed up into a hedgerow, providing an alternative shelter for the orchard.

The roses are photographed in the Halfway House garden.

Alberic Barbier rose

Alberic Barbier. 1900. Wichuraiana Rambler. 19ft.
Creamy yellow. Fragrant and vigorous with glossy foliage. Growing at Ngaio Anglican Church, the Pauatahanui Anglican Church and wild along the roadsides at Pukerua Bay. Our cutting came from the Ngaio Anglican Church garden.

The rose was named by Albert Barbier, famous French gardener and rosarian, after his father.

Gifted cutting: Carolyn Lutter.
Planted: 2017.  Along the poplar row.

American Pillar rose

American Pillar. 1902. Climber. 
A Glenside rose. This rose is grown from a cutting taken from the original American Pillar rose growing at the Halfway House at the edge of the western verandah. The original rose died after Wellington City Council sprayed the pest plant passion vine growing next to it.

The rose was bred by an American horticulturalist, Dr Walter Van Fleet.

Gifted cutting: Claire Bibby.
Planted: 2017.  Along the poplar row.

 The Banksia rose.
The Banksia rose is named for Lady Dorothea Banks, wife of Sir Joseph Banks who travelled to New Zealand with Captain Cook as the botanical artist. It was planted in Empress Josephine’s garden in the Chateau of Malmaison 1804-1814. The white double form is most popular in Europe. The double yellow is popular in New Zealand.  The Charm of Old Roses (Steen, 1994:5, 145).

Banksia Alba. 1803. Climber 32ft.
Clusters of fragrant, small double white flowers with prominent gold stamens. Light green elongated leaves. Thornless. Can be grown as a stand alone rambler or over structures.

Violet scented. Earliest flowering. My World of Old Roses (Griffiths, 1983:24).

Suppliers: Trinity Farm, Otaki; Twigland Gardener’s World, Glenside.
Gifter: Celia Wade-Brown Mayoral Fund.
Planted: 2017.  Under old plum tree beside the macrocarpa stumpery.

Banksia Lutea. 1824. Climber 39-49ft.
Faintly scented small double yellow in clusters from mid-Sept to end Oct. Joy to behold. Popular. My World of Old Roses (Griffiths, 1983:24)

Growing on site of Old Mill House in Akaroa, NZ’s first flour mill. The Charm of Old Roses (Steen, 1994:147).

Gifted cutting: Golder Cottage (established 1876), Upper Hutt.
Planted: 2017.  Along the poplar row.

The Bulliman rose

The Bulliman rose [Unidentified]
What is this rose? It came from the former farm garden of the Bulliman family, who lived north of Waikanae. They built their farm cottage during World War I. The rose has a cascading habit. It flowers once, with highly scented racemes of clustered dainty pink and white flowers, each flower about one inch diametre. The cottage was removed for the Pekapeka expressway and garden destroyed. Orchard remnants remain.

Gifter: Claire Bibby.
Planted: 2018.  Horse paddock fenceline.

Rose Cecile Brunner

Cecile Brunner. 1881. Bush rose. (x 2).
Shell pink blossoms. Sweetheart Rose. Long flowering season. Fragrant. My World of Old Roses (Griffiths, 1983:137).

Supplier: Harrison’s Garden Centre, Pekapeka.
Gifter: Celia Wade-Brown Mayoral Fund.
Planted: 2017.  Flower bank.

Charles de Mills rose

Charles de Mills. 1790. (x 7).
Best known Gallica. Fully open flower 125mm across. Colour extends through maroon, crimson, purple, lilac and grey. In full flower a joy to behold. My World of Old Roses (Griffiths, 1983:45).

Growing on 1843 Tuamarina – Wairau battle site, Blenheim. The Charm of Old Roses (Steen, 1994:9).

Good for a large garden and collector’s garden. Old Roses for New Zealand Gardens (Sinclair & Thodey, 2000:59, 93).

Supplier: Tasman Bay Roses, Motueka; Matthews Roses, Wanganui.

Gifter:
3 x Celia Wade-Brown Mayoral Fund.  Planted: 2017.  Rose arbour. 

3 x Heritage Gardener's sales table, Halfway House Open Day 2017, with the support of Twigland Gardener’s World.  Planted: 2018.  Flower bank.

1 x Heritage Gardener's sales table, World War I The Home Front, 2018.  Planted: 2018.  Flower bank.

1 x Twigland Gardeners World, Rose  Pruning Workshop in the garden.  Planted: 2019. Rose arbour.

Dorothy Perkins rose

Dorothy Perkins. 1901. Wichurana rambler. 
A Glenside rose. This rose, with its clear pink double blooms, has been found growing wild in three places in Glenside. These are on a hillside at the site of Drake’s garden (established c1840); on the bank above the milk-stand on the corner of Glenside and Middleton Road; and growing down a railway bank just north of the house at Ivy Bank Farm (established c1860).

In the early 2000’s cuttings of the rose were taken from Drake’s and the milk-stand. It is still growing at Drake’s abandoned garden on the corner of Wingfield and Middleton road, however it does not seem to have survived at the other two locations.

The Dorothy Perkins rose was bred by E. Alvin Miller, United States. He was a plant propagator and foreman at Jackson & Perkins wholesale nursery company. Dorothy Perkins was the grand-daughter of American rose-grower Charles H. Perkins.

Gifted cutting: Claire Bibby.
Planted: 2017.  Along the poplar row. 

Unknown climber

Excelsa. 1909. Wichuraiana Rambler.
This rose was taken as a cutting from the mill town of Raurimu, where it was found growing up a tree. It is a rambler, with flowers one and a half to two inches wide. The colour is a clear soft purply red. Gifter Viv Harris says it is "tough as nails" as Raurimu receives minus ten degree weather and is blazing hot in summer, and the soil is pumice from volcanic activity. The Harris family have a club house (for the ski season) in the old sawmilling town of Raurimu, and Viv has saved and grown rose cuttings from early gardens in the old mill town.

Gifted rooted cutting: Viv Harris of Ohariu Valley.
Planted: 2017.  Against the macrocarpa stump.

 

Rose General Gallieni

General Gallieni. 1899. (x 6).
Trusted and true. Wiry vigorous growth. Irregular shaped flowers change greatly as the seasons pass: rosy-red, buff-yellow, brownish red and dark red. My World of Old Roses (Griffiths, 1983:100).

Plant two or three together to form a large clump. Old Roses for New Zealand Gardens (Sinclair & Thodey, 2000:60).

Named after French General who defended Paris at the beginning of WWI in the Battle of the Marne. The Charm of Old Roses (Steen, 1994:95).

Supplier: Tasman Bay Roses, Motueka.
Gifter:

3 x Celia Wade-Brown Mayoral Fund.  Planted: 2017.  Flower bank.

3 x Heritage Gardener's sales table, Halfway House Open Day 2017, with the support of Twigland Gardener’s World.  Planted: 2018.  Flower bank.

Hiawatha rose

Hiawatha. 1931. Rambler.
A Glenside rose. Found growing at Ivy Bank Farm (established c1860) on the railway bank opposite the front verandah.  Clusters of bright carmine flowers about one to two inch diametre.

The original form was bred in 1904 by Mr. H. Walsh of Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States. 

Gifted cuttings: Claire Bibby.
Planted: 2017.  Along the poplar row.

 Maiden's Blush rose

Maidens Blush. 15th C. Bush.
A Glenside rose. White, blushing pale pink, double blooms. Found growing against the shed on the road reserve outside the early settler cottage at 219 Middleton Road, Glenside. It has since been lost from this location.

Healthy early flowering rose. Grows semi wild in North Island and Gisborne. In cemetary at Waimate North. The Charm of Old Roses (Steen,1994:154).

Fragrant. Grows upright to 2 m then branches over heavy with flowers. My World of Old Roses (Griffiths, 1983:61).

Gifted cuttings: Claire Bibby.
Planted: 2017.  Along horse paddock fence line. Flower Bank.

 Rose Mutibilis

Mutabilis. 1890. (x 3).

Single. Wiry twiggy growth. Flowers open buff-yellow, changing to a hazy pink and finishing bronze crimson. My World of Old Roses (Griffiths, 1983:91).

Origins unknown. Originally called Tipo Ideale.

Supplier: Trinity Farm, Otaki.
Gifter: Celia Wade-Brown Mayoral Fund.
Planted: 2017.  Flower bank.

Old China Blush rose

Old China Blush. Pre 1750.
Pale silvery pink rambler. Cutting taken from a rose growing at the site of the pioneer settler cottage (1853-1874) at Forest Gate estate, Ongaonga.

This rose is covered for the greater part of the year with dainty rosy pink flowers in sprays. It came to New Zealand with the Missionaries. The Charm of Old Roses (Steen, 1994:74-77).

Gifted cutting: Claire Bibby.
Planted: 2017.  Flower bank.

Rose Paul Transon

Paul Transon. 1900. 16ft. (x 2).
A beautiful hybrid from Alberic Barbier. Free flowering, glossy foliage, strongly scented salmon flowers. My World of Old Roses Volume Two (Griffiths, 1986:141).

Supplier: Trinity Farm, Otaki.
Gifter: Celia Wade-Brown Mayoral Fund.
Planted: 2017.  Big macrocarpa stump, horse paddock fence line. Moved in 2018 to grow on the rose arbour and cutting planted so that one rose is on each side.

Slater's Crimson China rose

Slaters Crimson China. 1792. (x 6).
Also known as Semperflorens', 'Old Crimson China'. Semi-double flowers of crimson to red, petals sometimes with flecks of white. Low shrubby bush. 1m. Introduced to English gardens in 1792 and to New Zealand in c1812-1814.

This is the first red rose introduced to Great Britain. It has been long held that the rose came to England via a Captain in the East India Company, who presented it to a director in the company, Mr Gilbert Slater. 

Gilbert Slater was a nurseryman from Knotts Green, Leyton, Essex and a manager and owner of several ships in the East India Company. Ideas of Chinese Gardens: Western Accounts 1300-1860 (Rinaldi, 2016:244).

Slater's gardener, James Main (1835) disputes that it arrived in England by this route and says although the rose was received by Mr. Slater in 1790, and flowered, for the first time, in his collection in 1791; the R. semperflorens was not then among his imported plants and was received through some other channel. The story of the modern rose. The Garden Magazine   (Wilson, 2015:253-256).

New Zealand's rosarian Nancy Steen, writes that it was "Introduced to New Zealand in 1814 by Rev. Samuel Marsden at the first Mission Station at Rangihoua Pa." The Charm of Old Roses (Steen, 1994:63). 

This origin is questioned by writer Keith Stewart, in Rosa Antipodes, The history of roses in New Zealand.  He says that it is a "persistant legend" and that there is "no evidence that specimans of Slater's Crimson China, were brought here on the brig Active, when it transported the original missionary settlers to Rangihoua in 1814." (1994: 65-66).  He says that there is no description of it growing in the missionary gardens in the Rangihoua settlement in the detailed reports by visitors, or in Rev. Marden's own careful records.

Keith Stewart surmises that the plant was brought to New Zealand in 1812 by Ruatara, a Ngapuhi rangitira, of Te Hihitu hapu, who travelled to London as early as 1809. Ruatara failed in his objective to meet King George II, and was sent back to New Zealand on the Ann, where he met up with Rev. Samuel Marsden, who took him to his mission at Parramatta in Sydney. Ruatara returned to New Zealand in 1812, with seed wheat and agricultural tools and set aside land for the future missionary settlement next to his own Pa at Rangihoua. Stewart surmises that the crimson rose came to New Zealand with Ruatara in 1812, and that it was initially grown in a secret place, as red was highly prized as a symbol of mana (1994: 67-68). 

Supplier: Tasman Bay Roses, Motueka.
Gifter: 3 x Celia Wade-Brown Mayoral Fund.  Planted: 2017.  Flower bank. 

3 x Heritage Gardener's sales table, Halfway House Open Day 2017, with the support of Twigland Gardener's World.  Planted: 2018.  Flower bank.

Souvinir du Dr Jamain. 1865.

Hybrid perpetual. Climber. Deep wine red fragrant flowers of beautiful form. 

Beautiful dark violet, large, double, finely shaped, colours distinct, vigorous habit. Thomas Allen Catalogue (Christchurch) 1871.

Fine bluish violet. Nairn & Sons Catalogue (Christchurch) 1892.

Supplier: Tasman Bay Roses, Motueka.
Planted: 2019. Rose Arbor.